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          北京物流信息聯盟

          最全眼科常用中英文縮寫(上)

          中國眼科醫生 2022-07-26 16:02:38

          A

          abd┃abdominal 腹部的 ?

          ABK┃aphakic bullous keratopathy無晶體性大泡性角膜病變?

          abn┃abnormal異常?

          ac┃before meals餐前 ?

          AC┃anterior chamber前房 ?

          ACC┃accommodation調節 ?

          ACG┃angle-closure glaucoma閉角青光眼 ?

          ACIOL┃anterior chamber intraocular lens前房型眼內晶體 ?

          add┃adduction or reading additional power內收;閱讀另加屈光力?

          ad lib┃as desired當需要時?

          adv┃advanced高度 ?

          AIBSE┃acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement急性特發性盲點擴大綜合征?

          AIDS┃acquired immunodeficiency ?

          AION┃arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy動脈缺血性視神經病變 ??

          ? ? ┃anterior ischemic optic neuropathy前部缺血性視神經病變?

          AKS┃ankylosing spondylitis強直性脊椎炎?

          AL┃argon laser氬激光 ?

          ALPI┃argon laser peripheral iridoplasty氬激光周邊虹膜成形術?

          ALT┃argon laser trabeculoplasty氬激光小梁成形術?

          AMA┃against medical advice違反醫療忠告?

          ambl┃amblyopia弱視 ?

          AMD┃age-related macular degeneration年齡相關性黃斑變性?

          AMN┃acute macular neuroretinopathy急性黃斑神經視網膜病變 ?

          AMPPE┃acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性多病灶性盾鱗狀色素上皮病變?

          AMPPPE┃acute multifocal posterior placoid pigment epitheliopathy急性多病灶性后部盾鱗狀色素上皮病變 ?

          ANA┃antinuclear antibody抗核抗體?

          ant┃anterior前 ?

          APMPPE┃acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性后部多病灶性盾鱗狀色素上皮病變 ?

          AODM┃adult-onset diabetes mellitus成人(發?。┬吞悄虿?

          AP┃anteroposterior前后 ?

          APD┃afferent pupillary defect瞳孔傳入缺陷?

          approx┃approximately大約 ?

          APTT┃activated partial thromboplastin time激活部分促凝血酶原激酶時間?

          ARC┃anomalous retinal correspondence異常視網膜對應 ?

          ARMD┃age-retinal pigment epitheliitis年齡相關性黃斑變性?

          ARN┃acute retinal necrosis急性視網膜壞死 ?

          ARPE┃acute retinal pegment epitheliitis急性視網膜色素上皮炎?

          art┃artificial tears人工淚液 AS┃anterior synechia前粘連 ?

          ASA┃aspirin(acetylsalicylic acid)阿司匹林?

          ASAP┃as soon as possible盡快地 ?

          ASC┃anterior subcapsular cataract前囊下白內障 ?

          ASCVD┃atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease動脈硬化性心血管病?

          ASHD┃atherosclerotic heart disease動脈硬化性心臟病?

          astig┃astigmatism散光 ?

          ATR┃against-the-rule(astigmatism)逆規性(散光) ?

          AU┃anterior uveitis前葡萄膜炎 ?

          AVM┃arteriovenous malformation動靜脈畸形 ?

          A/V┃arteriolar/venous(ratio,nicking)小動脈/靜脈(比,壓痕) ?

          AZOOR┃acute zonal occult outer retinopathy急性區域性隱匿性外層視網膜病變?


          B

          Bas┃basophils嗜堿細胞?

          BC┃base curve基底曲線 ?

          BCC┃basal cell carcinoma基底細胞癌?

          BCP┃birth control pill避孕丸 ?

          BCR┃base curve radius基底彎曲半徑 ?

          BCVA┃best corrected visual acuity最佳矯正視力?

          BD┃base down底向下 ?

          BDR┃background diabetic retinopathy背景型糖尿病性視網膜病變?

          BI┃base in底向內 ?

          bid┃twice a day一日兩次?

          bilat┃bilateral兩側性 ?

          BIO┃binocular indirect ophthalmoscope雙眼間接檢眼鏡?

          BK┃bullous keratopathy大泡性角膜病變?

          bleph┃blepharitis瞼緣炎?

          BM┃basement membrane基底膜?

          BO┃base out 底向外?

          BP┃blood pressure血壓 ?

          BRAO┃branch retinal artery occlusion視網膜分枝動脈阻塞?

          BRVO┃branch retinal vein occlusion視網膜分枝靜脈阻塞?

          BU┃base up底向上 ?

          BUT┃break-up time淚膜破裂時間?

          BVA┃best visual acuity最佳視力?

          bx┃biopsy活檢?


          C

          c┃with與?

          c┃cornea角膜?

          CA┃carcinoma癌 ?

          CABG┃coronary artery bypass graft冠狀動脈旁路移植?

          CAD┃coronary artery disease冠狀動脈病 ?

          CAI┃carbonic anhydrase inhibitor碳酸酐酶抑制劑?

          Cap ┃capsule膠囊?

          CAR┃cancer-associated retinopathy癌相關性視網膜病變?

          cat┃cataract白內障 ?

          CAT┃computed axial tomography計算機體層攝影術?

          CB┃ciliary body睫狀體 ?

          CBC┃complete blood count完全血細胞計數?

          cc┃with correction矯正(視力)?

          cc┃chief complaint主訴 ?

          CCA┃common carotid artery頸總動脈 ?

          CCT┃computer-assisted corneal topography角膜地形圖儀?

          C/D┃cup-to-disc ratio杯/盤比?

          CF┃count fingers數指 ?

          CFZ┃capillary-free zone無毛細血管地帶?

          C&F┃cells and flare細胞和光帶(閃光)?

          CHF┃congestive heart failure充血性心力衰竭?

          CHI┃closed head injury閉合性頭顱外傷 ?

          CHRPE┃congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium先天性視網膜色素上皮肥厚?

          CK┃conductive keratoplasty傳導性角膜成形術?

          CL┃contact lens,clear接觸鏡,透明?

          CME┃cystoid macular edema囊樣黃斑水腫?

          cmv┃cytomegalovirus巨細胞病毒?

          CN┃cranial nerve腦神經 ?

          CNS┃central nervous system中樞神經系統 ?

          CNV┃choroidal neovascularization脈絡膜新生血管形成?

          CNVM┃choroidal neovascular membrane脈絡膜新生血管膜?

          c/o┃complaining of主訴 ?

          COAG┃chronic open-angle glaucoma慢開角青光眼?

          cong┃congenital先天性?

          conj┃conjunctiva結膜 ?

          COP┃cicatricial ocular pemphigoid瘢痕性眼類天皰瘡 ?

          COPD┃chronic obstructive pulmonary disease慢性阻塞性肺病?

          CP┃cerebral palsy大腦麻痹 ?

          CPEO┃chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia慢性進行性眼外肌麻痹?

          CPR┃cardiopulmonary resuscitation心肺復蘇術?

          CR┃chorioretinal脈絡膜視網膜 ?

          CRAO┃central retinal artery

          CRF┃chronic renal failure慢性腎衰竭 ?

          CRT┃corneal refractive therapy角膜屈光矯正法 ?

          CRVO┃central retinal vein

          C&S┃culture and sensitivity培養和敏感性 ?

          CSCR┃central serous chorioretinopathy中心性漿液性脈絡膜視網膜病變?

          CSF┃cerebrospinal fluid腦脊髓液 ?

          CSME┃clinical significant macular edema臨床意義性黃斑水腫?

          CSR┃central serous retinopathy中心性漿液性視網膜病變?

          csw┃corneoscleral wound角膜鞏膜創傷 ?

          CT┃cover test遮蓋試驗

          ? ┃computed tomography計算機體層攝影?

          CT scan┃computed tomographic scan計算機體層掃描?

          CV┃color vision色覺 ?

          CVA┃cerebrovascular accident腦中風?

          CVD┃cardiovascular disease 心血管病?

          CWS┃cotton-wool spot棉絮斑?

          Cx┃culture(微生物)培養 ?

          CXR┃chest x-ray film胸部X光片?

          cyl┃cylinder柱鏡?


          D

          d┃days天 ?

          D┃diopter or diameter屈光度或直徑?

          D/C┃discontinue停止 ?

          D&C┃deep and clear(前房)深而透明?

          DD┃disc diameter視盤直徑 ?

          DDx┃differential diagnosis鑒別診斷 ?

          DFE┃dilated fundus examination擴瞳檢查眼底 ?

          D&I┃ dilation and irrigation(淚道)擴張和灌洗?

          DHD┃dissociated horizontal deviation分離性水平偏斜?

          dia┃diameter直徑 disp┃dispense配藥 ?

          DM┃diabetes mellitus糖尿病 ?

          DR┃diabetic retinopathy糖尿病視網膜病變?

          DV┃distance vision遠距離視力 ?

          DVA┃distance vision acuity遠距離視力 ?

          DVD┃dissociated vertical deviation分離性垂直偏離?

          DW┃daily wear每日戴(接觸鏡)?

          Dx┃diagnosis診斷?

          DX┃Diamox醋氮酰胺 ?


          E

          E┃esophoria at far內隱斜(視遠)?

          E’ ┃esophoria at near內隱斜(視近)?

          ECA┃external carotid artery頸外動脈 ?

          ECCE┃extracapsular cataract extraction白內障囊外摘除術 ?

          EDTA┃ethylene dianline tetraacctic acid乙烯dianline tetraacctic酸?

          EEG┃electroencephalogram腦電圖?

          EF┃eccentric fixation離心注視 ?

          EKC┃epidemic keratoconjunctivitis流行性角結膜炎?

          EKGorECG┃electrocardiogram心電圖 ?

          ELISA┃enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay酶連結免疫吸收測定?

          EMM┃epimacular membrane黃斑表面膜?

          endo┃endothelium內皮細胞?

          ENT┃ear,nose,throat耳鼻喉?

          EOG┃electro-oculogram眼電圖

          EOM┃extraocular muscles眼外肌?

          eos┃eosinophil嗜酸型細胞?

          epi┃epithelium上皮細胞?

          ER┃emergency room急診室 ?

          ERG┃electroretinogram視網膜電圖?

          ERM┃epiretinal membrane視網膜表面膜?

          ESR┃erythrocyte sedimentation rate血沉?

          ET┃esotropia at far內斜視(視遠)?

          ET’ ┃esotropia at near內隱斜(視近) ?

          E(T)orIET┃intermittent esotropia at far間歇性內隱斜(視近) ?

          E(T)’orIET’┃ intermittent esotropia at near間歇性內隱斜(視遠)

          ETOH┃ethyl alcohol乙醇,酒精 ?

          EUA ┃examination under anesthesia全麻下檢查?

          EW┃extended wear長期戴用(接觸鏡) ?

          EXT┃external ocular examination外眼檢查?

          exoph┃exophthalmos眼球突出 ?


          F

          FA┃fluorescein angiography熒光素血管造影?

          FAZ┃fluorescein angiography中心凹無血管地帶?

          FB┃foreign body異物 ?

          FBS┃fasting blood sugar空腹血糖?

          FC┃finger count數指 ?

          FFA┃fundus fluorescein angiography熒光素眼底血管造影?

          FHorFHx┃family history家族史?

          fl┃fluorescein熒光素 ?

          FMHx┃family medical history家族病史?

          FML┃fluorometholone弗米隆 ?

          FOHx┃family ocular history家族眼病史?

          FR┃foveal reflex中心凹反光 ?

          FROM┃full range of motion運動范圍完整 ?

          FTA-ABS┃fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test熒光密螺旋體抗體吸收試驗?

          FTMH┃full-thickness macular hole黃斑全層裂孔?

          f/u┃follow-up隨訪 ?


          G

          GC┃gonorrhea or gonococcus淋病或淋菌?

          GCA┃giant cell arteritis巨細胞性動脈炎?

          gent┃gentamicin慶大霉素?

          GI┃gastrointestine胃腸 ?

          GLC┃glaucoma,glucose青光眼,葡萄糖?

          Gonio┃gonioscopy前房角鏡檢查 ?

          GPC┃giant papillary conjunctivitis頭性結膜炎?

          gr┃grain 谷(=0.065克) ?

          gt or gtt┃drop(Plural,gtt)滴(復數,gtt)?

          GTT┃glucose tolerance test葡萄糖耐量試驗?

          GVF┃Goldmann visual field Goldmann視野?


          H

          H or hr(hrs) ┃hour小時?

          HA┃headache頭痛 ?

          Hb,Hgb┃hemoglobin血紅蛋白 ?

          HCL┃hard contact lens硬性接觸鏡?

          Hct┃hematocrit血細胞比容 ?

          HCTZ┃hydrocholorothiazide呋塞米(雙氫克尿塞)?

          hem┃hemorrhage出血 ?

          HIV┃human immunodeficiency virus人類免疫缺陷病毒 ?

          HLA┃histocompatibility locus antigen or human leukocyte antigen組織相容性基因位點抗原或人類白細胞抗原?

          h/o┃history of歷史 HM┃hand motion手動 ?

          H&P┃history and physical病史和體格?

          hs┃at bedtime在就寢時間 ?

          HSK┃herpes simplex keratitis單純皰疹性角膜炎?

          HSV┃herpes simplex virus單純皰疹病毒?

          HT┃hypertropia at far上斜視(遠距離)?

          HT’ ┃hypertropia at near上斜視(近距離)?

          HTN┃hypertension高血壓 ?

          HVF┃Humphrey visual field Humphrey視野?

          Hx┃history歷史 ?

          HZO┃herpes zoster ophthalmicus眼帶狀皰疹?


          I

          I┃iris虹膜 ?

          I&A┃irrigation and aspiration灌注和抽吸?

          IBx┃incisional biopsy切口性活檢?

          IC┃iridocyclitis虹膜睫狀體炎 ?

          ICA┃internal carotid artery頸內動脈 ?

          ICCE┃intracapsular cataract extraction白內障囊內摘除術?

          ICE┃inidocorneal endothelial syndrome虹膜角膜內皮綜合征?

          ICG┃indocyanine green吲哚青綠?

          ICP┃intracranial pressure顱內壓?

          ICU┃intensive care unit監護病房 ?

          I&D┃incision and drainage切開引流術 ?

          IDDM┃insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus胰島素依賴糖尿病?

          IDU┃idoxuridine皰疹凈 ?

          IFIOL┃iris-fixated intraocular lens虹膜固定眼內晶體?

          Ig┃immunoglobulin免疫球蛋白 ?

          IK┃interstitial keratitis基質性角膜炎?

          Im┃intramuscular肌內?

          Imp┃impression印象?

          inf┃inferior下?

          inj┃injection注射 ?

          INO┃internuclear ophthalmoplegia核間眼肌麻痹?

          INQ┃inferonasal quadrant鼻下象限?

          int┃intermittent間歇性?

          IOFB┃intraocular forergn body眼內異物?

          IOH┃intraocular hemorrhage眼內出血 ?

          IOL┃intraocular lens眼內晶狀體,人工晶體 ?

          ION┃ischemic optic neuropathy缺血性視神經病變?

          IOP┃intraocular pressure眼壓?

          IR┃infrared紅外線 ?

          IRMA┃intraretinal microvascular abnormality視網膜內微血管異常?

          ITQ┃inferotemporal quadrant顳下象限 ?

          iu┃international unit or intermediate uveitis國際單位或中間葡萄膜炎?

          IV┃intravenous靜脈內 ?


          J

          JCT┃Juxtacanalicular Tissue管旁組織 ?

          JODM┃juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus青少年型糖尿病?

          JRA┃juvenile rheumatoid arthritis少年類風濕性關節炎?


          K

          K┃cornea or potassium角膜或鉀 ?

          KCS┃keratoconjunctivitis sicca干燥性角膜結膜炎?

          kg┃kilogram公斤 ?

          KP┃keratic precipiate角膜后沉著物?


          L

          L┃left or lens左或晶狀體?

          lab┃laboratory試驗室?

          lac┃lacrimal淚 ?

          LASEK┃laser subepithelial keratomileusis激光上皮下角膜磨削術

          LASIK┃laser in situ keratomileusis激光原位角膜磨削術?

          LCG┃light contrast glare光對比炫耀 ?

          LCTP┃lateral canthal tendon plication外眥腱折疊術 ?

          LI┃laser iridotomy or laser interferometry激光虹膜切開術或激光干涉儀?

          LK,LKP┃lamellar keratoplasty板層角膜移植術?

          LIO┃left inferior oblique左眼下斜肌?

          LIR┃left inferior rectus左眼下直肌 ?

          LL┃lower lid or lids and lashes下瞼或眼瞼和睫毛?

          LLR┃left lateral rectus左眼外直肌?

          LMR┃left medial rectus左眼內直肌?

          LN┃lymph node淋巴結 ?

          LP┃light perception,light projection,or lumber puncture光感,光定位,或腰椎穿刺?

          LPI┃laser peripheral iridoplasty激光周邊虹膜成形術 LS┃lid scrubs瞼緣擦洗(治療瞼緣炎) ?

          LSO┃laser scanner ophthalmolscope激光掃描檢眼鏡 LSO┃left superior oblique左眼上斜肌?

          LSR┃left superior rectus左眼上直肌 LTP┃laser trabeculoplasy激光小梁成形術?

          LTQ┃lower temporal quadrant顳下象限 LVA┃low vision aids低視力輔助 ?

          lymph┃lymphocytes or lymphatic淋巴細胞或淋巴?


          M

          mac┃macular黃斑 ?

          mand┃mandibular下頜骨?

          MAR┃melanoma-associated retinopathy黑色素相關的視網膜病變?

          max┃maximum or maxillary最大值或上頜骨 ?

          MCH┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin 平均血細胞血紅蛋白 ?

          MCHC┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration平均血細胞血紅蛋白濃度?

          MCV┃mean corpuscular volume平均血細胞體積?

          ME┃macular edema黃斑水腫?

          MEDs┃medications藥物治療 ?

          mERG┃multifocal ERG多區域(多焦)視網膜電圖?

          mfERG┃multifocal ERG多區域(多焦)視網膜電圖 ?

          MEWDS┃multiple evanescent white dot syndrome多數消散性白點綜合征?

          MFC┃multifocal choroiditis多病灶性脈絡膜炎?

          M.G. ┃Marcus Gunn瞳孔傳入缺陷?

          MHx┃medical history病史 ?

          MI┃myocardial infarction心肌梗塞?

          min┃minute or minimum分鐘或最小量?

          ml┃milliliter毫升 ?

          mmHg┃millimeters of mercury毫米汞柱?

          M&N┃Mydriacyl(tropicamide)and Neo-synephrine(phenylephrine) 兩種最常用的擴瞳劑:托庇卡按及新福林 ?

          mon┃monocytes單核細胞 ?

          MR┃manifest refraction顯性驗光

          ? ? ? ┃magnetic resonance磁共振?

          MRA┃magnetic resonance angiography磁共振血管造影術?

          MRD┃上瞼緣至角膜中心反光點的距離 ?

          MRI┃magnetic resonance imaging磁共振成像術?

          MS┃multiple sclerosis多發性硬化 ?

          MVA┃motor vehicle accident交通工具意外事故(車禍)?


          N

          N/A┃not applicable不適用 ?

          NAG┃narrow-angle glaucoma窄角型青光眼 ?

          NAION┃nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非動脈缺血性視神經病變?

          NAP┃no apparent pathology無明顯病理學?

          NCT┃noncontact tonometer非接觸眼壓計?

          neg┃negative隱性 ?

          NFL┃nerve fiber layer神經纖維層 ?

          NFLD┃nerve fiber layer defect神經纖維層缺陷?

          NG┃nongranulomatous非肉芽腫性?

          NI┃no improvement無進步 ?

          NIDDM┃non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus非胰島素依賴型糖尿病?

          NION┃Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非動脈缺血性視神經病變?

          NKA┃no known allergies無已知的過敏反應?

          nl┃normal正常 ?

          NLP┃no light perception無光感 ?

          Non repet┃not to be repeated(refilled)不重復(再次發藥)?

          NPA┃near point of accommodation調節近點?

          NPC┃near point of convergence集合近點?

          NPDR┃non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy非增生性糖尿病視網膜病變?

          NR┃no refill不能再次發藥 ?

          NRC┃normal retinal correspondence正常視網膜對應?

          NS┃nuclear sclerosis核性白內障(核硬化)?

          NSA┃no significant abnormalities無重要異常 ?

          NSAID┃no steroidal anti-inflammatory drug非類固醇消炎藥?

          NTG┃normal tension glaucoma正常眼壓性青光眼 ?

          NV┃near vision or neovascularization近視力或新生血管形成?

          NV┃neovascularization新生血管形成?

          N/V┃nausea and vomiting惡心和嘔吐?

          NVA┃Near visual acuity近視力 ?

          NVD┃neovascularization of disc視盤新生血管形成 ?

          NVE┃neovascularization of retina elsewhere視網膜新生血管形成?

          NVG┃neovascular glaucoma新生血管性青光眼 ?

          NVI┃neovascularization of the iris虹膜新生血管形成?




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